# Math 218: Matrices and Vector Spaces

This is the webpage for the Fall 2018 manifestation of Dr. Fitzpatrick's section of Math 202 at Duke University.

## SageMath

SageMath is an open source computer algebra system written python.

## Useful Commands

Use the syntax A = matrix([[1/2,-3,5],[-4/5,2,11],[6,-4,9]]) to define the matrix $A = \left[\begin{array}{rrr} \frac{1}{2} & -3 & 5 \\ -\frac{4}{5} & 2 & 11 \\ 6 & -4 & 9 \end{array}\right]$ Avoid using decimal notation! Input 1/2 instead of .5.

• The command A.rref() computes the reduced row-echelon form of A.
• The command A.det() computes the determinant of A, provided that A is square.
• The command A.rank() computes the rank of A.
• If A and B are $$m\times n$$ matrices, then the command A+B computes the sum of A and B.
• If c is a scalar, then the command c*A computes the scalar product of c and A.
• If A is $$\ell\times m$$ and B is $$m\times n$$, then A*B computes the product of A and B.
• The command A.transpose() computes the transpose of A.
• The command A.is_symmetric() tests if A is symmetric.

## Reduced Row-Echelon Form

The following code computes the reduced row-echelon form of a given matrix $$A$$.